The of you were convinced, but I was not.

The following speech is given by Clover soon after the pigs
started sleeping in the Manor House. “My fellow comrades, I am here to tell you
that the pigs are not good leaders. Now I know that this might come as a shock
to everyone, but I want you to hear me out. Recently, we found out that the
pigs started sleeping on the beds in the Manor House and at first, we were all
disturbed and we all remembered a rule that banned animals from sleeping on
beds, which is why we all confronted the pigs. But then Squealer convinced us
that this was not the case. Squealer convinced us that the pigs were doing the
right thing and many of you were convinced, but I was not. I was starting to
see a pattern here and so I told Muriel to read me the Fourth Commandment. She
told me it read that no animals should sleep on beds with sheets. I didn’t
remember the part about sheets which is why I took matters into my own hands
and learned how to read. I think we can all agree that we’ve all been
suspicious of the pigs since Snowball’s disappearance and now that they’re
living in the Manor House, our suspicions have risen. I was determined to find
out the true nature of the pigs, which is why many of you haven’t seen me in a
while. After weeks of working hard, I was finally able to read the
commandments. The Fourth Commandment states that no animal shall sleep on beds.
There was never anything about sheets. This is the same commandment that we
animals decided on back when Animal Farm was created. Back when we animals used
to prosper. Back when we were in control of everything that we did. Back when
we gained our freedom. The pigs have taken over every right that we fought for
in the rebellion. It started with them taking over the government, then taking
our landfalls, and now taking over the Manor House. We will not let the pigs
abuse our freedom. As the leaders of this farm, they should act as role models
for us and follow the commandments. The pigs are not good leaders because they
aren’t following the commandments that we all agreed upon, which is why I urge
you all to fight and overthrow the pigs to truly make this an Animal Farm. Long
live Animal Farm!”

Clover uses all three
rhetorical strategies in her speech. For example, when Clover uses facts to
tell the animals what the fourth commandment says, she proclaims, “The Fourth
Commandment states that no animal shall sleep on beds. There was never anything
about sheets” to develop the logical appeal by making the animals believe that
the pigs are not following the Fourth Commandment, so the animals can overthrow
the government of pigs. In addition to facts, Clover also uses repetition when
she describes what life was like soon after the rebellion in the sentences,
“Back when we animals used to prosper. Back when we were in control of
everything that we did. Back when we gained our freedom” to develop the
pathetic appeal by reminding the animals how far they have come from when the
rebellion first started so that the animals realize what the pigs are doing.
Alongside repetition, Clover also uses strong verbs such as “abuse” when she
explains how the pigs have violated the animals’ freedom in the sentence, “We
will not let the pigs abuse our freedom” to develop the pathetic appeal by
arising hate for the pigs. Besides the use of strong verbs, the horse also uses
an allusion when she explains why many of the animals hadn’t seen her in a
while in the sentence, “I was determined to find out the true nature of the
pigs, which is why many of you haven’t seen me in a while. After weeks of
working hard, I was finally able to read the commandments” to develop the
ethical appeal by making the animals trust that Clover knows what she is saying
and to give Clover credibility so that the animals will listen to her. Along
with the allusion, she also repeats the pronoun “we” when she talks about the
creation of Animal Farm in the sentences, “This is the same commandment that we
animals decided on back when Animal Farm was created. Back when we animals used
to prosper. Back when we were in control of everything that we did. Back when
we gained our freedom. The pigs have taken over every right that we fought for
in the rebellion,” to develop the pathetic appeal by making the animals feel a
sense of community so that the animals will all work together to take over the
government. Apart from the use of collective pronouns, Clover also uses a
flashback when she talks about the pigs moving into the Manor House in the
sentence “Recently, we found out that the pigs have started sleeping on the
beds in the Manor House. At first, we were all disturbed and we all remembered
a rule that banned animals from sleeping on beds, so we confronted the pigs.
But then Squealer convinced us that this was not the case” to develop the
ethical appeal by making the animals believe that Clover has been paying
attention to recent events and she knows what she is saying. Besides the use of
flashback, she also uses facts when she talks about how the pigs abused the
animals’ freedom in the sentence “It started with them taking over the
government, then taking our landfalls, and now taking over the Manor House” to
develop the logical appeal by making the animals realize what the pigs are
doing and how they are taking over the freedom of the animals. Lastly, in
addition to the use of facts, the horse uses an angry tone when she talks about
the creation of Animal Farm in the sentences, “Back when we animals used to
prosper. Back when we were in control of everything that we did. Back when we
gained our freedom” to develop the pathetic appeal by evoking the animals’
feelings of anger at the pigs so that the animals will want to overthrow the
government. The use of all three rhetorical strategies in Clover’s speech
appeals to the animals, making them convinced.

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