In French town. In the time he spent in

In 1957, Albert Camus won the Nobel Prize for Literature.  By that time he had written such
magnificently important works as Caligula (1938), The Stranger (1942), The Myth
of Sisyphus (1942), The Plague (1947), The Rebel (1951), and The Fall
(1956).  Albert Camus was born in Algeria
on November 7, 1913.  His father was
killed in World War I in 1914.  In 1930,
Camus was diagnosed with tuberculosis, thus ending his football (soccer) career
and forcing him to complete his studies part-time. He studied literature and
philosophy at the University of Algeria under his mentor, Jean Grenier. In
1935, Camus joined the Communist party in response to conflict between
Europeans and natives in Algeria.  Camus
was disappointed by Communism and Marxism; writes William Duvall, “Camus
acknowledges the strong ethical impulse in Marx’s project…but the impulse leads
Marx to utopianism and to an identification of the future with that ethic. Only
at the end of history can exploitation and man’s alienation from man and nature
be overcome” (141). Camus found communism inadequate; as such, he was expelled
from the party and developed an affiliation with the anarchist movement.  During World War II, Camus joined the French
Resistance group and newspaper called Combat. 
In the 1950s, he devoted himself to human rights effort, pacifism, and
resistance of capital punishment. (Duvall, William E. “Albert Camus
against history.” European Legacy 10.2 (2005): 139-147. Academic Search
Complete. EBSCO. Web. 6 Jan. 2018.)

           He married at twenty
and divorced the next year. After he remarried in 1940, he went to France to
finish some novels but became exiled from Algeria due to the Occupation of
France in World War II. In France he published the majority of his Absurd
works. The German occupation of France meant that he was unable to return to
Algiers and was separated from his wife, Francine, and was now a stranger in
the alien French town. In the time he spent in the mountainous regions of
France, Camus wrote the allegorical and deeply personal The Plague alongside
The Rebel, the former winning him the Noble Prize in literature in 1957. At the
end of his career, Camus became heavily involved with the theatre. He adapted
several great literary pieces for the stage and continued to write and direct
plays for several years. Camus was writing Le Premier Homme, an autobiography,
one year before his death. In 1960, Camus was killed in an automobile accident
on his way to Paris. Camus died when he was only forty-six.

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             Camus’ contemporaries
were shocked at Camus’ abrupt and ridiculous death. Brian Masters notes that
many of his contemporaries labelled him as a “joyous, fun-loving,
personal, passionate, caring, and compassionate” person. Albert Camus
devoted his life and writings to discover the purpose of man’s existence.
Unfortunately, Camus was killed before he could finish the quest to resolve his
questions about life. Camus rejected himself as a philosopher and did not want
to be grouped with existentialists such as Dostoevsky, Kierkegaard, or Kafka.
In all his endeavours, Camus proves that he is an ordinary man that speaks for
ordinary people with the “gift of vivid and persuasive expression” (Masters,
Brian. Camus: A Study. London: Heinemann, 1974).

            By the early to mid
twentieth century, humanity had witnessed the repeated failure of traditional
religious, governmental, and social institutions.  World Wars I and II along with other
conflicts such as the one that occurred between Europeans and natives in
Algeria contributed to a growing sense of confusion.  In his works, Camus fulfils the need to
acknowledge and develop the implications of the unpredictability of the

          This research explores
Camus’ novel The Plague and Camus’ concern with the Absurd in the world and
man’s reactions to it is discussed in the novel’s perspective. In his novel all
of his characters are an extension of him and his views. Camus develops his
views of the Absurd through his characters as they encounter the Absurd, and he
uses literary techniques, such as a highly dramatic style, symbolism, irony,
and foreshadowing, to demonstrate the Absurdity within the world. The specific
literary techniques that he uses throughout the novel relay very precise
meanings. He incorporates symbolism, irony, and foreshadowing to expound on the
Absurd. Camus chooses these techniques in order to enhance the Absurd ideas and
behaviours, to provide man a mental image of the Absurd, to demonstrate how man
tries to find meaning in life against the Absurd, and to demonstrate the
protagonists’ motivations to face the Absurd.

             This research is
conducted in order to ferret out the elements that cause absurdity and the protagonists
reaction to it.


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