Even successfully conducted particular government actions. Since 1985, Ghanaian

Even though sexual rights are human rights recognized in national laws, international human rights instruments and other consensus statements, individuals have historically experienced and are still facing numerous forms of discrimination against sexuality. Therefore, it shows that the problems relating to sexual rights continue to happen among countries around the world in our international community including in the republic of Ghana. The republic of Ghana supports sexual rights as the rights that are meant to apply to everyone equally, but due to situations generated in the country, it prevents such belief from fully emerged in reality. Domestic violence against women still exists to be widespread in Ghana with approximately one in three women in the family. Ghana is one of seventy-eight countries where same-sex consensual sex in adults regards as a criminal offense prescribed in their laws. Female genital mutilation (FGM) remains as a serious problem in girls under 18 years although Ghana has already amended its law to Criminal Offenses Act, 1960 (Act 29) regarding such traditional practice as a criminal offense. Meanwhile, abortion rate in Ghana is at least 15 abortions for every 1,000 women of age 15–44 years. Where the abortion rate increases, it illustrates that the rooted cause deriving from the lack of contraception use, which is partially due to inadequate sexuality education for young women in school. Moreover, many parts of the republic of Ghana adhere to traditional belief against homosexuality, so that national laws are found to criminalize homosexuality. The Republic of Ghana has actively attempted to better the circumstances and successfully conducted particular government actions. Since 1985, Ghanaian law has legalized abortion in cases of rape, incest or the “defilement of a female idiot” when danger is detrimental to the life or health of women, or it is due to fetal abnormality. In 2007, Ghana government enacted the Domestic Violence Act (Act 372) to acknowledge its definition of domestic violence including various forms of economic abuse, in addition to more conventional definitions of sexual and physical violence and also to outlines a comprehensive legal framework for the prevention of and protection against domestic violence. The Domestic Violence and Victims Support Units (DoVVSU) was founded within the police service in 2008 to comfort the victims of domestic violence. In 2015, Ghana called upon UN to include sexual rights for youth in development goals at the 48th Commission on Population and Development since the republic of Ghana foresees that empowering girls and young woman with appropriate information about their sexual and reproductive rights should be regarded as a global public health priority. In the last year, Ghana government launched campaign to combat gender-based violence to call attention on all Ghanaians to pledge to end violence against girls and women during the International Human Right Day. A high hope is creeping slowly to LGBT people in Ghana whereas the current President Akufo-Addo said last year in his interview that he strongly felt such a push “was bound to happen” and possibly pave the way for the decriminalization of homosexuality in the near future. Nevertheless, the Republic of Ghana also realizes that problematic issues relating to sexual rights are generated in international plane. The Republic of Ghana also ratified a number of UN Human Rights Conventions such as International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Therefore, Ghana would like to propose three main solutions that could be vital to other countries as following: to ensure all international human rights obligations where country ratified are fully implemented in its national legislation, to make a serious public commitment to prohibit all forms of violence against women and girls both in law and in practice and, lastly, to ensure appropriate sexuality education along with fundamental education provided in school. As a result, the Republic of Ghana would use this opportunity to urge all countries in our international community to seriously help one another out to better sexual rights and to provide genuine equality regardless of gender. If we all collaborate to bring out the solution to this crucial  matter, happiness and peacefulness for everyone will not be only be in an ideal world.

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