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January 12th, 2018
Poverty and how to end it
Hello everyone, I am grateful that you could all make it here. Today, we will be talking about world poverty and hunger. The definition of poverty is being in a state of being extremely poor. In this speech, we will be identifying some issues and what we could do to reduce it and what would happen when we reduce it. Poverty is a horrible thing that could be reduce if the third world countries have access to clean water and sanitation, access to healthcare and was food secure.
First, one of the main reason why a lot of countries have a high rate of poverty is that they don’t have access to clean water and sanitation. Some of the countries with the highest amount of water like Brazil, Russia, Canada, and China have some of the lowest amount of poverty and hunger compared to countries like Bahrain, Kuwait, St. Kitts and Nevis, and Maldives which have a much higher poverty rate then countries with more amount of water (Allen). According to the World Bank, sanitation and clean water is “one of the most cost-effective development interventions, and is critical for reducing poverty” (Prinsten). The reason for this is because the women that spend hours trying to get water could use that time to work and agricultural production could increase, and the costs of services and could go down(Prinsten). Another thing to point out is that diseases that are caused by unsafe water are “the most significant child health problem worldwide” (Prinsten). If there was clean water, then the amount of diseases would decrease a lot and it wouldn’t be “the most significant child health problem worldwide.”
Second, health care is one of the most important part of a healthy and surviving country and countries without it or cannot afford it can suffer greatly from it. The president of the World Bank Jim Yong Kim believes “universal health insurance coverage in all countries can help achieve a goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030”. According to borgenmagizine, he says this because millions of people are put into poverty every year because they must spend money that they don’t have on health issues and it pushes even more people into financial hardship. Also, according to Worldatlas.com, some countries have some extreme health issues with Liberia having only 14 doctors per million people. What we need to do is to send doctors to these third world countries and send people to build clinics and try to give these people free health care.
Third, millions of people suffer from being undernourished and a bunch of those people aren’t even above the age of 5. According to Globalcitizen.org in the Yemen Republic, 32.4% of its population is undernourished. Some factors that lead to this would be large-scale displacement, civil conflict, political instability, high food process and influxes of refugees and migrants(Allen). Child malnutrition is the highest in the world in the Yemen Republic with close to half of the children under the age of 5 are malnourished (Allen). If we want to prevent children to grow up with physical and mental disabilities, then we must focus on the kids under the age 5. What we could do to help give these countries food is to donate to the different food banks around us. Another thing we could do is to volunteer frequently at times that aren’t very common. Some people only like doing these things near a special occasion but it isn’t help food banks that much if you volunteer only once and at the same time as everyone else.
In conclusion, by creating a way to get clean water, building healthcare centers or clinics, and donating to food banks, we can help reduce poverty around the world. I thank you all for listening to my speech and I hope that you all can put your priority on the very important topic.
Work Cited Page
Allen. “The world’s 10 hungriest countries” N.p., 10 March. 2014. Web. 14 January. 2018
Lucy, Westcott. “These Countries Have the World’s Highest Levels of Hunger”. Newsweek, 10 November. 2016. Web. 14 January 2018
Prinsen. “10 Solutions to Poverty” N.p., 2 July. 2014. Web. 13 January 2018
Werft, Meghan. “23 Countries with Best and Worst Water Supplies” N.p., 24, August. 2016. Web. 14 January 2018
Martin, Will. “The 16 Countries with the world’s best healthcare systems” N.p., 13 January 2017. Web. January 14, 2018
Burton. “25 Countries with limited Access to Health Care.” World Facts, 25 April 2017
Web. 14 January 2018
“4 ways to reduce malnutrition” One Billion Hungry: Can we feed the world, 3rd November. Web. 14 January 2018