Colonialism, the discrimination and the inequalities of these “minorities”
Colonialism, Aboriginal peoples, and racism in CanadaIn this research paper I will be explaining how western colonialism and racism destroyed the reputation of aboriginal peoples in canada. The reason why I chose this topic because it shows the strong relationship to anthropology and after taking aboriginal studies 30, it also shows that I have a clear understanding about the history of aboriginal peoples in Canada, the struggles they have been through over the past decade and the challenges they still face today in modern day society. I’ll be addressing these issues in a couple of paragraphs on the discrimination and the inequalities of these “minorities” and how they had to assimilate into European culture, leaving their way of life behind them.The history of Canada, is the era of where colonization all began towards aboriginal peoples. Over the past decades, aboriginal peoples have been mistreated and misused by the white-Europeans. They have been oppressed by Canadian society that we are known still by today and continue to live under racism resulting in gender and class oppression. The history of colonialism has been playing a big part in the way of how aboriginal people have been constructed and impacted on how aboriginal people are treated and viewed in Canadian Society. They have been dealing with the struggles, inequality and discrimination that we have been putting them through for over three centuries, we’ve been also failing them with Canada’s racist policies and this has been reflected in high levels of unemployment, suicides and extremely poor education.”Colonialism” is a process that has been coined by the Europeans, simply this means that the Europeans runs, exploits and overlooks an indigenous group by claiming their land and resources, extracting their wealth from them, and using them as cheap labor. In Canada, the British have evaded the Aboriginal people with their vision of creating a “Capitalistic” society. (Cass,pg 1) This vision has put the Aboriginal people in the disappointing end of the agreement because they would have to produce resources on their own land in return for goods- This is how slavery began in Canada. During the 19th century, aboriginal people faced a bunch of discrimination that was pointed towards them. Seen by canadian society, they continue to live under racism resulting in oppression and the capitalistic approach has played a significant impact on the native people that were treated in modern Canadian society and their cultures and beliefs have been considered absurd and out of the norm, where this led to the opening of residential schools for Aboriginal children to assimilate and their generations into European society. When understanding how these residential schools have left a huge impact on these kids because their only objective was to force these aboriginals into European society, the children were stripped away from their native culture because of the British, they thought that European culture was more superior than the aboriginal peoples’. In 1883, a statement was brought to the attention to the House of Commons of the government’s position regarding education of the Aboriginal children from Sir John A. Macdonald “When the school is on the reserve the child lives with its parents, who are savages; he is surrounded by savages, and though he may learn to read and write his habits and training and mode of thought are Indian. He is simply a savage who can read and write. It has been strongly pressed on myself, as the head of the Department of Indian affairs, that Indian children should be withdrawn as much as possible from the parental influence, and the only way to do that would be to put them in central industrial schools where they will acquire the habits and modes of thought of white men.” (Government of Canada 1883: 1107-8)(Fontaine, Lorena Sekwan, 186) This statement reveals the government’s intentions to fully remove aboriginal children from the cultural connections they had to family and their community.