Basic of every good cat health plan. It means

Basic Feline Nutrition

Nutrition management is a major part of
every good cat health plan. It means
providing proper nutrition to your cat
on a daily basis, throughout his
lifetime. The right cat diet can protect
your cat from a number of common health
problems, and can speed recovery from
illness.

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In fact, aside from providing regular
veterinary care, a diet for your cat that delivers
100% of the essential vitamins,
minerals, proteins, fats, and
carbohydrates your cat needs is one of
the most important things you can do to
help increase you cat’s lifespan.

Basic Nutrition

Cats have
specific nutritive requirements, so make
a high-quality cat food the staple of
your pet’s diet. The following are the
basic nutritional components your cat’s
diet should provide for optimum health:

Protein.

Protein is the foundation for the
enzymes and hormones that regulate your
cat’s body. It is essential for muscle
development and maintenance, and is a
key source of energy.

Carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates
provide energy and vitality.

Vitamins and Minerals.

The following chart lists the essential
vitamins and minerals your cat needs for
good health.

Taurine.

Taurine is a key
component that is absolutely essential
to the good health of your cat. Taurine
deficiency may result in blindness or
the potentially fatal heart problem
known as cardiomyopathy.

Water.

Fresh, clean,
cool water is the single most important
nutrient in your cat’s diet. It is
essential and should be available at all
times. While food preferences may vary,
a cat’s need for fresh water remains
constant.

INGREDIENT:

SOURCE OF:

PURPOSE:

Vitamin A supplement

Vitamin A

Eyes, skin, coat, growth, and
bone formulation.

Vitamin D3 supplement

Vitamin D3

Vigor, bones, and teeth.

Vitamin E supplement

Vitamin E

Antioxidant, muscle function,
and a healthy heart.

Riboflavin supplement

Riboflavin

Energy and metabolism.

Calcium Carbonate

Calcium

Bones and teeth.

Niacin

Niacin

Energy metabolism and healthy
breath.

Folic Acid

Folacin

Protein metabolism, blood,and
growth.

Calcium Pantothenate

Pantothenic Acid

Skin, coat, fat metabolism, and
nerves.

Thiamin Mononitrate

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)

Nerves, appetite,and
carbohydrate metabolism.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

Protein metabolism and blood.

Vitamin B12 supplement

Vitamin B12

Blood, carbohydrate and fat
metabolism.

Salt

Sodium Chloride

Electrolyte balance, fluid, and
healthy urine.

Manganese Sulfate

Manganese

Energy production, bone
formation and growth.

Potassium Iodide or Calcium
Iodate

Iodine

Thyroid health and metabolic
rate.

Biotin

Biotin

Energy, metabolism, and healthy
foot pads.

Ferrous

Iron

Healthy blood.

Taurine

Taurine

Development and function of the
retina, heart.

Zinc Oxide

Zinc

Immune system function

Menadione Sodium Bisulfite
Complex

Vitamin K

Blood clotting.

Choline Chloride

Choline

Nerves, fat metabolism.

Choosing The Right Diet
Dry or canned?

The choice between dry and canned food
is largely a matter of convenience for
you and taste for your cat. Many cat
owners feed their cats canned food for
one meal and dry for the other. Others
feed dry or canned exclusively. As long
as the brand you feed provides 100%
complete nutrition, and you follow
recommended feeding guidelines for the
amount, your cat should be fine.

How much should you feed your
cat?
It’s best to follow the recommended
feeding guidelines provided by the
manufacturer on your pet food label.
Since most cats consume only the
calories they need, less active cats
will usually eat less. Be aware that
obesity can be a serious health problem
for cats. Your cat’s feeding
requirements will vary depending upon:

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age
activity
whether she
is spayed or he is neutered
environment
health

If you have any
questions, consult your veterinarian.

When should you feed your cat?

If you feed your cat canned food
exclusively, you may wish to establish
specific mealtimes to prevent the food
from drying out or spoiling in warm
weather. Dry food allows more
flexibility. In free choice feeding, for
example, your cat has access to her food
at all times and is allowed to nibble
throughout the day. For cats on diets to
maintain urinary tract health, this is
an optimum feeding plan, since it helps
maintain a reduced urinary pH level
throughout the day.

Some basic “Don’ts”

Don’t feed dog food to your cat.

Dog foods don’t contain the protein
level, amino acids, or nutrients (like
Taurine) that your cat needs.

Don’t feed your cat table
scraps.

You can’t be sure you’re supplying all
the nutrients she needs, and you could
create or increase finicky eating
behavior.

Don’t feed your cat bones.

These can splinter and become lodged in
her throat or intestines.

Don’t feed your cat raw fish.

It contains an
enzyme that destroys some of the
vitamins your cat needs, and may contain
parasites.

Don’t give your cat milk.

Cats over the age of 2 months don’t
really need it, and it often causes
diarrhea in adult cats.

Don’t switch foods suddenly.

To introduce new cat foods, mix a tiny
amount with your cat’s current food.
Gradually increase the quantity of new
food and reduce the amount of the old
food, until your cat has adjusted to her
new diet.

See also:

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