1.1 used for the construction of the OVAL Building
1.1 (29) Percentage
of long lifetime materials use
As mentioned at the previous paragraph the
main materials used for the construction of the OVAL Building are reinforced
concrete, aluminum, steel and glass. As concluded after the analysis conducted
these materials are high durability materials that ensure building’s long life
and require the minimum maintenance and repair cost during the operating life
of it. In any case there are no many things you can do with the enclosure of the
building and the bearing parts of a structure after the construction. Regarding
the secondary parts of the building such as electromechanical, hydraulic
equipment and finishes (ceramic tiles, marbles, Gypsum-Board), that can start
to wear down during the service life of the building, the property managers
need to be fully informed of the latest technological trends at any time to
maintain, repair or replace them if needed, in environmentally and economically
sustainable and beneficiary ways.
1.2 (30) Level of
materials’ environmental embodiment potentiality
traditional disposal of large amounts of materials debris from building
renovation and demolition in landfills is no longer acceptable. Major changes
regarding the conservation of resources and recycling of wastes by proper
management are taking place and considering the life time of the Oval building
which is expected to be more than 70 years lots of modern and technologically
advanced processes will be in place at the time that the building will reach
the demolition stage.
As analyzed at part (d) of the Assignment,
Concrete, Aluminum, Steel and Glass are all suitable for recycling. In Appendix A the licensed facilities for
the management and processing of construction waste in Limassol are presented.
We must point out that if any construction waste cannot be processed and reused
in Cyprus, it must be transported abroad. The related energy consumed should be
considered when calculating the embodied energy of these materials.
1.3 (31) Positive
impacts on district forest areas (NOT APPLICABLE)
parameter is irrelevant regarding our building as stated at previous paragraph.
1.4 (32) Percentage
of areas under high water salinity as a cause of over irrigation (NOT
parameter is irrelevant regarding our building.
1.5 (33) Level of Development’
As mentioned already high height – high
density buildings in urban areas should be built where adequate infrastructure
such as public transportation is well in place (Shin, 2012). The reason is that
such developments increase the number of the cars and the road transportation
system is burden. As a result, traffic congestion, lack of parking space,
environmental degradation has become common in cities (Zhuanga et Zhao, 2014).
Therefore, almost all countries have
prioritized the development of public transport. Zhuanga et Zhao (2014) suggest
that having urban rail transit as the backbone of urban public transportation
and regular public transportation as an auxiliary system is generally
considered the only feasible means of solving the urban traffic problem. Urban
railways and subways are safe, comfortable, convenient, fast, effective, and
environment-friendly urban infrastructure systems and reduce problems faced by
many cities, such as shortages in land resources, traffic congestions, and air
pollution (Zhuanga et Zhao, 2014). However, for small cities like Limassol, the
cost and impacts of every possible public transportation system should be
examined and quantified.
Regarding fire safety of a tall building like
Oval, special attention must be paid not only to the layout and design of
escape and access routes but also to the fire resilience of the building’s
structure and its ability to withstand and contain fire. On the other hand, the
authorities should review the existing regulations to fit the needs of such
buildings and train the firefighters to overpass the lack of relevant
1.6 (34) Level of
intestinal infectious diseases hazard (NOT APPLICABLE)
parameter does not apply to The Oval.
1.7 (35) Level of
measures ensuring residents’ health
selected and sustainable design of the building in terms of ventilation,
daylight effect and air quality are adequate and little if any improvements on
this can be made.
1.8 (36) Level of
It has already been noted that the office
building has its own canteen and as such is not a food intensive operation;
however, foods are prepared and served on site. As we know food generates a
substantial amount of waste in the form of preparation, leftovers and indeed
the packaging. There needs to be a waste
management policy on how to best deal with this waste, whether it can be
recycled efficiently or indeed sent to land fill sites. There are numerous
farms (with animals) in the outlying areas that could benefit from the
leftovers and preparation waste. This waste could be channeled to those areas
and made available for collection by the farm owners at zero cost. The
packaging can be separated into the appropriate bins ready for collection by
recycling firms that are dotted around Cyprus. We are not talking about large
amounts, but ‘every little helps’ and if everyone did something like this, then
it is a contribution rather than no contribution.
1.9 (37) Level of
Given that this resource is entirely
controlled by the authorities, the best the building can hope for is to ensure
sufficient pressure to lift the water to the height of the building as
necessary. That said, Cyprus is notorious for water cuts due to damaged pipe
work, water shortage (2017 has the worst inflow of water into the dams in the
last decade!) or mechanical break downs at the water supply end. Here we are
talking about potable drinking water as opposed to grey water of which there is
no provision (that we could establish) within the building’s construction. This
would be a measure that could be improved to recycle the water within to minimize
the use of expensive potable supply. Additionally, it is the norm in an office
environment to have the water coolers strategically positioned for public
consumption; this is in direct comparison to say a residential development
where the potable water would be their main source.